Toxicity and teratogenicity in zebrafish Danio rerio embryos exposed to chromium

Marco Antonio Sánchez-Olivares, Juan Carlos Gaytán-Oyarzun, Alberto José Gordillo-Martinez, Francisco Prieto-García, René Bernardo Elías Cabrera-Cruz

Submited: 2020-04-29 20:56:18 | Published: 2021-05-03 17:51:37

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2561

Abstract


Chromium (Cr) is an element present in nature in mineral form. It has a dual effect, both as an essential micronutrient and a carcinogenic agent depending on its chemical form and concentration. It is present in various environmental matrices such as water, soil, and air, coming from natural and anthropogenic sources, and causes harmful effects on biota, ecosystems, and even human beings. This study's objective was to evaluate chromium toxicity and teratogenicity in zebrafish embryos of Danio rerio exposed to chromium through the D. rerio teratology assay (DarTA) test by evaluating spine malformations. To this end, the chromium toxicity curve was calculated from zebrafish embryos exposed to potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7), and the probit test was used to establish the mean lethal concentration (LC50) and three subtoxic concentrations LC25, LC12.5, and LC6.25 to evaluate the teratogenicity. The results showed that potassium dichromate was statistically positive for the teratogenic effect at the three highest concentrations evaluated. Potassium dichromate exposure causes abnormal embryonic development and teratogenic effects, including severe heart defects in zebrafish embryos. Therefore, we conclude that potassium dichromate is toxic to the zebrafish developmental stages. The finding that potassium dichromate is teratogenic in zebrafish embryos suggests that this metal should be tested and evaluate potential risk in mammalian systems.

Sánchez-Olivares M, Gaytán-Oyarzun J, Gordillo-Martinez A, Prieto-García F, Cabrera-Cruz R. Toxicity and teratogenicity in zebrafish Danio rerio embryos exposed to chromium. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2021;49(2): 289-298. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2561 [Accessed 18 Jun. 2021].
Sánchez-Olivares, M., Gaytán-Oyarzun, J., Gordillo-Martinez, A., Prieto-García, F., & Cabrera-Cruz, R. (2021). Toxicity and teratogenicity in zebrafish Danio rerio embryos exposed to chromium. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 49(2), 289-298. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2561