Invertebrates assemblage captured by a pink shrimp's fishery on Amazon continental shelf

Priscila Sousa Vilela da Nóbrega, Cleverson Ranniéri Meira dos Santos, Ana Patrícia Barros Cordeiro, Jussara Moretto Martinelli-Lemos

Submited: 2020-06-26 16:17:42 | Published: 2021-05-03 17:51:36

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2600

Abstract


Shrimp trawl fisheries constitute a major threat to continental shelves' biodiversity, given their profound impact on benthic communities. We investigated the composition of an invertebrate assemblage impacted by this type of fishery and possible correlations of the abundance and richness with specific environmental parameters. The activities of the industrial shrimp fleet on the north coast of Brazil were monitored over two years. We analyzed 20,303 specimens belonging to seven phyla (Porifera, Cnidaria, Mollusca, Sipuncula, Annelida, Arthropoda, Echinodermata) and 154 species. There was a predominance of generalist and rare species, given that most species (86) were sporadic. Taxonomic composition patterns were complex, dynamic, and were correlated mainly with the temperature and depth of the Amazon continental shelf, the largest in extension and low depth of the South Atlantic. The crustaceans were dominant in both abundance and taxonomic richness. The influence of environmental factors on the abundance of the main species is discussed. The invertebrates are a neglected component in studies of fisheries impact and important components of the ecological structure of the Amazon coast. They are an essential group for developing a holistic fisheries management approach, which will support the sustainability of the region's fisheries and preserve local aquatic communities.

Nóbrega P, Meira dos Santos C, Cordeiro A, Martinelli-Lemos J. Invertebrates assemblage captured by a pink shrimp's fishery on Amazon continental shelf. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2021;49(2): 227-241. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2600 [Accessed 23 Jun. 2021].
Nóbrega, P., Meira dos Santos, C., Cordeiro, A., & Martinelli-Lemos, J. (2021). Invertebrates assemblage captured by a pink shrimp's fishery on Amazon continental shelf. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 49(2), 227-241. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue2-fulltext-2600