Decapod crustaceans associated with the shrimp fishery of the central-south portion of Veracruz, Mexico

Angel Morán-Silva, Sergio Cházaro-Olvera, Rafael Chávez-López, Horacio Vázquez-López, Asela del Carmen Rodríguez-Varela, Marcos Mejía-López

Submited: 2020-05-11 17:02:47 | Published: 2021-07-04 18:09:43

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2571

Abstract


The objective of this study was to analyze the brachyuran crab assemblages associated with shrimp fishing on the central-southern coast of Veracruz. Information was collected using 46 trawls organized within nine fishing quadrants. The total catch shrimp, bycatch, and discard were recorded and standardized (CPUE kg h-1). Value index by species, species richness, diversity using Shannon and Weaver index, and equitability were determined. A total of 3055 individuals were collected, which corresponded to nine families, 13 genera, and 14 species. Achelous spinicarpus species were identified at the greatest relative abundance (77.74%). Four new species records for the zone: Hepatus pudibundus, Iliacantha liodactylus, Leiolambrus punctatissimus, and Platylambrus granulatus. Species richness varied according to fishing quadrant and depth interval assessed. The highest value of species richness was eight, and observed Margalef species richness index values ranged from 0 to 2.23. The diversity values ranged from 0 to 2.41 bits ind-1; this may indicate that a few species share the greatest impact of trawling. The presence of lagoon systems was determined to define a portion of the composition of the assemblage. Understanding assemblage structure is important to improve knowledge on the impact of shrimp trawling activity on the ecosystem.

Morán-Silva A, Cházaro-Olvera S, Chávez-López R, Vázquez-López H, Rodríguez-Varela A, Mejía-López M. Decapod crustaceans associated with the shrimp fishery of the central-south portion of Veracruz, Mexico. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2021;49(3): 485-496. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2571 [Accessed 8 Dec. 2021].
Morán-Silva, A., Cházaro-Olvera, S., Chávez-López, R., Vázquez-López, H., Rodríguez-Varela, A., & Mejía-López, M. (2021). Decapod crustaceans associated with the shrimp fishery of the central-south portion of Veracruz, Mexico. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 49(3), 485-496. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2571