Early development of the Peruvian rock seabass Paralabrax humeralis (Teleostei: Serranidae): morphological description of the embryonic and yolk-sac larval stages

Masatoshi Futagawa, Jessica Pizarro, German Bueno, Juan Pablo Díaz

Submited: 2020-08-18 23:13:12 | Published: 2021-07-04 18:09:44

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2631

Abstract


Describe the embryonic development of Paralabrax humeralis (Peruvian rock seabass) and the present morphology of its eggs and yolk-sac larvae using the eggs spawned by P. humeralis broodstock in captivity. The spawning occurred naturally and spontaneously in early November 2018. The egg is pelagic and round, with a diameter of 0.98 ± 0.02 mm, an oil globule, and a diameter of 0.2 ± 0.02 mm. Embryonic development started with meroblastic cleavage, reaching the first cleavage stage at 0.4 h post-fertilization (HPF), and reached 64 cells at 2.2 HPF. Blastula period, 128 cells to 30% epiboly, end at 11.3 HPF. Gastrula period, 50% epiboly to 90% epiboly, end at 19.6 HPF. In the organogenesis period, forming Kupffer’s vesicle appeared at 22.5 HPF, the separation of the caudal fin from the yolk at 30.3 HPF, and the hatching of the first larvae at 47.9 HPF. Water temperature was kept at 17.2 ± 0.2°C. The yolk-sac larvae measured 2.22 ± 0.1 mm with a pigmentation pattern of pinpoint melanophores, all along with the embryo and xanthophores in the cephalic region, trunk, and caudal region, as well as in the oil globule. The larva takes feeds from three days post-hatch-out.

Futagawa M, Pizarro J, Bueno G, Díaz J. Early development of the Peruvian rock seabass Paralabrax humeralis (Teleostei: Serranidae): morphological description of the embryonic and yolk-sac larval stages. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2021;49(3): 520-525. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2631 [Accessed 18 Oct. 2021].
Futagawa, M., Pizarro, J., Bueno, G., & Díaz, J. (2021). Early development of the Peruvian rock seabass Paralabrax humeralis (Teleostei: Serranidae): morphological description of the embryonic and yolk-sac larval stages. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 49(3), 520-525. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol49-issue3-fulltext-2631