Dietary supplementation effect of three microalgae on Penaeus vannamei growth, biochemical composition, and resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus (AHPND)

Georgia Maria González-Meza, Karla Herrera-Castro, Ramón Casillas-Hernández, Ana Rentería-Mexía, Pablo Gortáres-Moroyoqui, Juan C. Gil-Núñez, José Ibarra-Gámez, Gabriela Ulloa-Mercado

Submited: 2021-05-25 15:59:50 | Published: 2022-02-28 20:57:05

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue1-fulltext-2773

Abstract


Microalgae are a promising solution in shrimp farming overexploitation. This study assessed the efficacy of microalgae as a food additive for Penaeus vannamei growth and their effect on immune system stimulation against Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Three diets were formulated with 0, 1, and 3% (DC, D1, and D3, respectively) of a mixture of three different microalga species, Tetraselmis suecica, Dunaliella salina, and Chaetoceros muelleri, and growth, survival, and post-harvest quality in shrimp culture were evaluated. Two bioassays were performed: a 60-day feeding trial and an immersion infection bioassay against V. parahaemolyticus. D1 was the best treatment and significantly different to DC (P ≤ 0.05), achieving a food conversion factor of 1.24 ± 0.11 and 1.85 ± 0.38; specific growth rate 1.58 ± 0.03% d-1 and 1.35 ± 0.11% d-1; and weight gain of 5.68 ± 0.32 g and 4.79 ± 0.33 g, respectively. Protein content in shrimp muscle was positively increased by microalgae inclusion, achieving 20.8 ± 0.2% (D1) to 21.7 ± 0.3% (D3), 19.2 ± 0.1% (DC). In the infection bioassay, D1 and D3 reached a 100% survival rate, and histological damage in the hepatopancreas was not observed, suggesting immune system stimulation. These results indicated that microalgae added to food are an excellent source of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and promoters of antimicrobial activity that allowed additional protection against mortality caused by V. parahaemolyticus.


González-Meza G, Herrera-Castro K, Casillas-Hernández R, Rentería-Mexía A, Gortáres-Moroyoqui P, Gil-Núñez J, Ibarra-Gámez J, Ulloa-Mercado G. Dietary supplementation effect of three microalgae on Penaeus vannamei growth, biochemical composition, and resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus (AHPND). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2022;50(1): 88-98. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol50-issue1-fulltext-2773 [Accessed 5 Jul. 2022].
González-Meza, G., Herrera-Castro, K., Casillas-Hernández, R., Rentería-Mexía, A., Gortáres-Moroyoqui, P., Gil-Núñez, J., Ibarra-Gámez, J., & Ulloa-Mercado, G. (2022). Dietary supplementation effect of three microalgae on Penaeus vannamei growth, biochemical composition, and resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus (AHPND). Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 50(1), 88-98. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue1-fulltext-2773