Reproductive dynamics of Peprilus medius captured in the Ecuadorian Pacific

Kléver Mendoza-Nieto, Mila C. Soriguer Escofet, Maribel Carrera-Fernández, José Javier Alió, Félix Figueroa-Chávez

Submited: 2022-05-02 23:36:24 | Published: 2022-11-01 17:34:22

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue5-fulltext-2928

Abstract


In Ecuador, Peprilus medius is an important fishery resource whose destination is for local consumption and export. There are few local studies on its reproductive biology, and its capture is not regulated. Therefore, this study evaluates the most relevant aspects of its reproductive activity. Samples were obtained monthly from January to December 2017 from the capture of the purse seine fleet and the artisanal gillnet fleet landing near Manta. The morphometric analysis included the length-weight relationship, estimated using the allometry equation. The size at sexual maturity is based on the L50 criterion; the reproductive cycle was determined according to the monthly analyses of the gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI), and relative condition factor (Kn). A total of 334 specimens were analyzed, with average sizes of 22.0, 21.87, and 21.91 cm of total length (TL), for males, females, and combined sexes, respectively. Sex ratio was 1.17M: 1F (P > 0.05), while the length-weight relationship showed negative allometric growth for both males and females (b = 2.58; CI95% 2.48-2.72). Size at sexual maturity L50 was estimated at 21.84 and 21.23 cm TL for males and females, respectively. The GSI and HSI values and Kn showed significant differences among months (P < 0.05), with a marked seasonality during the single reproductive period. Mean size at first capture of 21 cm TL is recommended.


Mendoza-Nieto K, Soriguer Escofet M, Carrera-Fernández M, Alió J, Figueroa-Chávez F. Reproductive dynamics of Peprilus medius captured in the Ecuadorian Pacific. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2022;50(5): 660-668. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol50-issue5-fulltext-2928 [Accessed 9 Dec. 2022].
Mendoza-Nieto, K., Soriguer Escofet, M., Carrera-Fernández, M., Alió, J., & Figueroa-Chávez, F. (2022). Reproductive dynamics of Peprilus medius captured in the Ecuadorian Pacific. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 50(5), 660-668. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue5-fulltext-2928