Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 42 (1) March 2014
Hematology of juvenile pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887) fed graded levels of mannan oligosaccharides (MOS)
Intensification of aquaculture production systems exposes fish to numerous stressors, which may negatively affect their health. This study determined the effects of increasing levels of dietary mannan oligosaccharides (ActiveMOS®-Biorigin) on biochemical and hematological parameters of juvenile pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus. Fish (44.04 ± 5.27 g) were randomly distributed into 24 tanks (500 L; 10 fishes per tank) and fed during 63 days with a commercial diet supplemented with 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% MOS. Blood samples were collected at 42 and 63 trial. Red blood cell count (RBC) and total plasmatic protein were affected by dietary MOS levels (P < 0.05). Fish fed 1.0% dietary MOS presented higher neutrophils numbers when compared to fish fed control diet and fish fed 1.5% MOS for 42 days presented significant higher granulocytic cell numbers. During trial fish presented increased (P < 0.05) hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and plasmatic glucose concentrations and decreased (P < 0.05) RBC, hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, white blood cell and differential leukocyte count. Dietary MOS levels did not present prebiotic effects for pacu and did not minimize stress effects on hematological and biochemical parameters for the species.
Author: Ricardo Yuji-Sado, Álvaro José de Almeida-Bicudo & José Eurico Possebon-Cyrino

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