Fishmeal replacement and its effects on nutrition and the physiology of Penaeus vannamei shrimp juveniles

Jorge Gamboa-Álvarez, Gerard Cuzon, Alvaro Barreto, Carlos Maldonado, Gabriela Gaxiola

Submited: 2022-10-31 17:11:44 | Published: 2023-07-02 21:17:26

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol51-issue3-fulltext-3006

Abstract


The replacement of fishmeal with plant protein sources has been studied in Penaeus vannamei. However, it has only been studied from the point of view of protein replacement, forgetting the integral role that fishmeal plays in the nutrition of shrimp. This study aimed to determine if a supplement of dietary phosphorus can sustain the fishmeal replacement by a blend of plant protein feedstuffs, with betaine and tauren as attractants and still supporting homeostasis, growth, digestive enzymes, and lipid-soluble antioxidant systems at normal levels in juveniles of P. vannamei. A standard feed (25% fishmeal) for juvenile P. vannamei was partially replaced with a mix of plant ingredients (soybean and canola paste, soy protein concentrate, and wheat meal). These feedstuffs were supplemented with amino acids (MET, LYS, TAU) plus microencapsulated exogenous phytase, betaine, and dicalphosphate. P. vannamei juveniles (2.56 g) were maintained in 100 L fiber tanks for 70 days. Biomass was significantly affected by the treatments (P < 0.05), being better as the fishmeal was replaced in the diet and comparable to commercial feed. No significant changes were observed in blood parameters. Muscle superoxide dismutase activity was significantly affected by the diets (P < 0.05). There were adaptive changes in digestive enzymes, and homeostasis remained stable. Fishmeal replacement may depend on supplementation with taurine and soluble phosphorus, not only for performance but flesh quality, and here, the shear strength of the shrimp muscle remained within the acceptable value (69-81 mJ).

Gamboa-Álvarez J, Cuzon G, Barreto A, Maldonado C, Gaxiola G. Fishmeal replacement and its effects on nutrition and the physiology of Penaeus vannamei shrimp juveniles. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2023;51(3): 404-413. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol51-issue3-fulltext-3006 [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Gamboa-Álvarez, J., Cuzon, G., Barreto, A., Maldonado, C., & Gaxiola, G. (2023). Fishmeal replacement and its effects on nutrition and the physiology of Penaeus vannamei shrimp juveniles. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 51(3), 404-413. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol51-issue3-fulltext-3006